Why all this?
Today, the traditional role of customs inspectors as guardians of the trading system is evolving into a more inclusive dimension of sustainable development relating to the welfare and security of society. Certain substances and goods that cross the border are designated as “environmentally sensitive” to human health or ecosystems, due to their inherent hazards, potential for misuse, or impacts on biodiversity or individual species. Such items include banned or restricted chemicals, hazardous and toxic wastes, rare and endangered species of flora and fauna, and living modified organisms. Many of these items are controlled under multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) or other agreements such as the Chemical Weapons Convention. Effective monitoring and control of the transboundary movement of such substances and goods is a key component of environmental protection and, in some cases, national security.
What is there now?
At the present stage of development of society and the economy, the search for ways to solve environmental problems is becoming a priority task for institutions at all levels of government. The "green" aspects of world trade are especially significant, since "environmentally sensitive" goods are the object of cross-border movement. On this basis, the role of the customs service in solving the global environmental problem is increasing. Since 1976, China has been one of the participants in the international United Nations Environment Program (UNEP - United Nations Environment Program). The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) promotes environmentally sound practices both globally and in its own activities. UNEP is one of the partners of the initiative program "Green Customs". The main goal of this program is to increase the functionality of the customs services of the world while exercising proper control over "environmentally sensitive goods", which are regulated by a package of multilateral international agreements.